The appointments came following a visit by the president to the central province.
Defectors in a rehabilitation center said the only way they could be safe from al-Shabab would be to flee Somalia.
Oxford University said the sultan had decided to hand back the honorary degree on 6 May.
In 2013, he refused to swipe t-shirts with an Israeli player in a display of support for Palestinian rights.
Analysts say this is the latest political setback to efforts to stabilize the Horn of Africa nation.
Several countries have shown interest in facilitating talks between Somaliland and Somalia.