Italy's new government will overhaul Renzi labor reform, minister says
MILAN - Italy’s new anti-establishment government will change the labour reform introduced by the previous administration, Labour and Industry Minister Luigi di Maio said.
The legislation, introduced in 2015, made it easier for large companies to fire people and offered fiscal incentives for companies that hired permanent workers on new, less-protected terms.
Italy’s government was finally sworn in on Friday, ending months of political turmoil and the threat of a repeat election. But investors remain nervous since the coalition promises to increase spending, slash taxes and challenge European Union fiscal rules, which would add to Italy’s debt pile.
“People not only don’t have any (job) security to get married, they don’t even have any (job) security to book their holidays,” Di Maio, 5-Star Movement’s leader said in a Facebook post. Di Maio was appointed as deputy prime minister and head of the newly merged labour and industry ministry.
Former Prime Minister Matteo Renzi pushed through the so-called Jobs Act in 2015, promising it would create jobs and end a situation where the vast majority of young people were employed via insecure short-term contracts.
But the reform was controversial. Big business cheered the tax breaks and the easing of firing restrictions. Unions said easier dismissal undermined basic workers’ rights.
Its results were also disputed. Employment has increased, but in the last two years, most new jobs created have been the kind of temporary work the Jobs Act was supposed to deter.
Moreover, the rise in overall employment has been driven mainly by pension reforms by previous governments, which raised the retirement age, rather than more jobs for the young.
Italy’s unemployment rate stood at 11.2% in April.
“If we want to strengthen the economy, we need to reduce the uncertainties and one of the reasons for the uncertainties is the Jobs Act,” Di Maio said. “The Jobs Act must be reviewed.”
He did not give details of what the changes would entail.
At a party celebration in Rome on Saturday, Di Maio said he would work to create jobs that are relevant to today’s economy and push for an adequate minimum wage.
Some economists have said that rather than the Jobs Act, Italy needed investment in education and technology and, as in Germany, closer links between schools, universities and companies to boost jobs.